CHIRON plants and infrastructures are designed and maintained using eco-compatible measures, respecting the flora and fauna at the site, based on an eco-sustainability approach of projects. Some of the main technical and design measures are:
- Movement of fauna: all fences at plants have space at ground level to allow the local fauna to enter and exit the plants freely. In this way, the perimeter fence does not become an obstacle to the movement of the fauna and the plants become a sort of protected area where animals can move freely;
- Mulching: provides the soil and vegetation with a natural source of fertiliser and organic substances linked to the decomposition of residues and reduces the loss of soil moisture. This technique allows the use of herbicides to be avoided and at the same time reduces the transfers of grass to landfills, which in summer reached 50% of the total amount of material transferred;
- Eco-friendly detergents: photovoltaic modules, like all surfaces exposed to the outdoor environment, can become dirty, especially in industrial or agricultural areas where production activities generate dust and dirt. Therefore, photovoltaic modules must be cleaned, once or twice a year depending on the location, by special machines that use osmotic (or demineralised) water in very limited quantities and, only in the most difficult cases, eco-friendly detergents that do not damage the land and the environment;
- Recyclable materials: the plants are made with fully recyclable and/or recoverable materials and equipment: steel, glass, silicon, copper, aluminium, plastic, etc. The use of concrete in plants has been essentially eliminated, or only what is strictly necessary. All support structures on which the modules are mounted are made from 100% recyclable galvanised steel and the installation is usually done by simple anchoring without the use of concrete. All wiring and other electrical and electronic equipment are completely recyclable;
- Certified disposal of modules: photovoltaic modules are produced with recyclable materials and their proper management at the end of their lifecycle is ensured by paying a WEEE contribution at the beginning, as with normal household appliances. When a module is damaged or must be replaced, it is collected directly in the plant by the environmental consortium in charge of its disassembly and separation, with the objective of recovering all of its component recyclable materials.